[Sunan Abi Dawood]
One of the teachings of our beloved Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم is that we should choose good names. It is also mentioned in a Hadith that to whomever a child is born to they have a responsibility of giving that child a good name.
The 'goodness' of a name determined by either its meaning or to whom the name belonged to.
The Messenger of Allah صلي الله عليه و سلم said,
"Whoever is named after me with the hope of being blessed, he will be blessed and will be in peace till the day of Qiyaamat."
The name محمد holds great spirituality, rank and status because it is the name of the most beloved and final messenger of Allah. It is due to these reasons that the name holds great rank.
Similarly, the names of the Sahaaba رضه الله عنهم also hold rank and status as well has having an influence and effect on the name-bearer.
The name and personality I want to discuss today is فاطمة, a distinguished personality in history who has set a peak example for all women. Insha Allah in this post I will mention some of her characteristics as a daughter to the Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم. Although justice cannot be done to her character and her rank cannot be described in words, I pray that the short description of her life will make us realise the qualities she possessed as a daughter and the peak she set to all daughters alike.
There are many narrations and opinions regarding the year she was born. Many say she was born before Prophethood was given to her father and many say that her birth took place before Prophethood. Those who say she was born before Prophethood vary in the amount of years. One of the strongest opinions is that she was born five years before Prophethood, when the Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم was thirty-five years of age.
Her mother was Hadraht Khadija رضي الله عنها and she had three elder sisters, Ruqayya, Umm Kulthum and Zaynab رضي الله عنهم who were all married. Although Hadhrat Khadija رضي الله عنها gave birth to three boys, Qasim, Tayyib and Tahir رضي الله عنهم, they passed away at a very young age and therefore Fatimah رضي الله عنها had no elder brothers to look after her.
In the household of the Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم lived ‘Ali رضي الله عنه who was the cousin of Hadhrat Fatimah رضي الله عنها and also Zayd ibn Haritha رضي الله عنه who was the freed slave of the Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم. Both of these were like the brothers of Fatimah رضي الله عنه. Baraka, the maid servant of Hadhrat Amina رضي الله عنها was also in the household and occasionally the house would be frequented by the elder sisters of Hadhrat Fatimah رضي الله عنها.
As a daughter, she was the closest and most beloved to our Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم. When Hadhrat Aisha رضي الله عنها was asked who the most beloved person was to our Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم she replied that it was Fatimah رضي الله عنها and from the men it was her husband, Hadhrat ‘Ali رضي الله عنه.
Her childhood was during the first years of Prophethood where the Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم had but a few followers and the enemies of Islam were at large. Many a times she would see her father being physically abused by the disbelievers as well as verbally abused.
On one occasion the disbelievers placed a load of filthy intestines on him and Hadhrat Fatimah رضي الله عنها removed it not fearing the group of enemies around her. On another occasion when the Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم was at the Ka’bah the enemies of Islam started beating him and once again Hadhrat Fatimah رضي الله عنها went to call Hadhrat Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه to his aid. In her young age Hadhrat Fatimah رضي الله عنها had seen many of the torments of the disbelievers that took place against her father, at times she would see him return home with dust all over his clothes and would hasten to clean him whilst tears would roll down from her eyes.
Her love for her father was immense and could not be described. This love was equally matched by that of the Prophet صلي الله عليه و سلم for her and he would show her equal respect. After the death of her beloved mother, Hadhrat Khadija رضي الله عنها she made a great effort to comfort her father and immediately began to take care of his affairs and needs. Her efforts were such that she became known as ام ابيها (Umm Abeeha – The mother of her father).
When the Prophet of Allah صلي الله عليه و سلم would be hungry he would frequent the house of Hadhrat Fatimah رضي الله عنها in search of food only to find that her house would also be bare of food, he صلي الله عليه و سلم would then return to his house. When receiving any food he would first go to Hadhrat Fatimah رضي الله عنها and give her whatever he صلي الله عليه و سلم had received. Hadhrat Fatimah رضي الله عنها would do the same for her father and it would be in this manner that they passed their days.
Her suffering as a child were due to the fact that she was the daughter of the Prophet of Allah صلي الله عليه و سلم and a believer in his message. However, never did she complain to the sufferings she received.
The proposal of Hadhrat ‘Ali رضي الله عنه and the silence of Hadhrat Fatimah رضي الله عنهاwas the beginning of a new life for both great personalities. The Prophet of Allah صلي الله عليه و سلم performed the Nikaah ceremony himself and told Hadhrat Fatimah رضي الله عنها that he had married her to the person in his family who was the dearest to him.
This is an attempt to provide a brief summary of the life of Hadhrat Fatimah رضي الله عنها as a daughter. Insha Allah Sister Mujahidah an Nafs will do a much greater job in providing more articles on this topic.
May Allah give us all the inclination to take lessons from the life of Hadhrat Fatimah رضي الله عنها and adopt them into our lives. Aameen.
عن المسور بن مخرمة رضي الله عنهما أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال
فاطمة بضعة مني فمن أغضبها أغضبني
"Fatimah is a piece of my flesh (is my beloeved),
who ever angers her has angered me"